The decision to sell or purchase a home is an important decision, and how better to proceed than with accurate and reliable information about the property in question.
All inspections from Jernigan Home Inspections evaluate all interior and exterior components and systems including the roof, basement, heating, cooling, ventilation, insulation, plumbing, structure, electrical, and the lot.
Murfreesboro Tennessee apartment building inspections utilize our considerable experience performing thorough real estate inspections on small-to-large apartment and condo buildings.
Our flexible team approach is designed to meet the precise needs of the investor and scope of the project. Professional specialists join the inspection team if needed.
Join the many investors for whom we have performed apartment building inspections for entire apartments or condo buildings.
Architectural inspections provides real estate inspection reports on all kinds of housing units, including condo, duplex, triplex, fourplex and multifamily apartment buildings.
Our professional inspections are thorough and meet the needs of investors.
Apartment building inspections are performed efficiently at competitive prices, while always respecting tenants. Special attention is paid to the life-cycles of major elements allowing investors to more accurately estimate operating costs and safety issues.
Murfreesboro Tennessee apartment complex inspections utilize our considerable experience performing thorough real estate inspections on small-to-large apartment and condo buildings.
Our flexible team approach is designed to meet the precise needs of the investor and scope of the project. Professional specialists join the inspection team if needed.
Join the many investors for whom we have performed aparment building inspections for entire apartment complexes or condo buildings.
Architectural Inspections provides real estate inspection reports on all kinds of housing, including condo, duplex, triplex, fourplex and multifamily apartment buildings.
Our professional inspections are thorough and meet the needs of investors.
Apartment Complex Inspections are performed efficiently at competitive prices, while always respecting tenants. Special attention is paid to the life-cycles of major elements allowing investors to more accurately estimate operating costs and safety issues.
One of the most important parts of the home inspection is the basement inspection.
I will use the term "basement" here to mean the part of the house located below the first floor. The basement can also be a full headroom space or a crawl space with less than full headroom. Sometimes, there are finished rooms in the basement. Under parts of some homes, there are crawl spaces that are inaccessible because of a very low clearance or due to lack of an access opening. A home can be built on a slab without a basement, or can have a full basement, an accessible crawl space, or an inaccessible crawl space. Some homes have a combination of all of the above.
Your home inspector should enter all accessible crawl spaces during your home inspection. In my experience, problems are quite often found in crawl spaces so they are very important. Your home inspector will require more time on site in order to thoroughly inspect a home with crawl spaces. Do not be surprised if your home inspection takes longer than expected if the home turns out to have a crawl space. Most inspection firms will inform you ahead of time of additional fees should the home inspection take longer than originally anticipated. Your home inspector should be compensated for this additional work.
If the central heating system boiler or furnace is not on the first floor, you are likely to find it in the basement since that is where most of them are. Special low profile furnaces are sometimes found in low clearance crawl spaces.
The main electrical panel is many times found in the basement. Occasionally, I do not find the main electrical panel in the house and then discover later on that it is behind personal belongings in a closet or behind a wall hanging. It is important for your inspector to locate and inspect your main electrical panel.
In an unfinished basement or accessible crawl space, your home inspector has an opportunity to inspect the floor structure for moisture condensation, mold, mildew, fungus, rot, and breakage. However, there are several conditions that can interfere with a proper floor structure inspection. For example, if there is insulation installed between floor joists, it is not possible for the home inspector to see all of the subfloor and both sides of each floor joist and beam. If I find floor insulation such as this during an inspection, I carefully pull insulation away from selected areas located under bathrooms, kitchens, and laundries. I also like to selectively remove insulation under floors that exhibit above average bounce. If your home inspector pulls insulation down in order to inspect floor structure components, he should put it back in place exactly how it was. Occasionally, I find such a thorough insulation installation that it is not possible to remove the insulation without destroying its integrity. Insulation supported on fiberglass mesh screen or polyethylene plastic and friction-fit rigid foam insulation are good examples of insulation systems that cannot be disturbed without causing damage. Unless there is reason to believe that the floor structure concealed under it is rotten, such insulation systems should never be disturbed during a typical home inspection.
While always on the lookout for moisture condensation, mold, mildew, fungus, and rot, your home inspector should also be on the lookout for broken floor structure members. Rot severely weakens wood. There are times wood structural members split or break, even in the absense of rot. For example, deeply notched floor joist ends often split near the notch. In order to locate split joist ends, it is necessary to inspect every joist end in the basement and crawl spaces. This can be problematic in crawl spaces with minimal access and in basements full of stored personal property items.
In older homes, it is important to inspect the condition of the subfloor where visible. I use a flat blade screwdriver to probe subfloor boards, floor joists, sills, and beams. The screwdriver does leave a small rectangular impression that will not be mistaken later on for a wood boring beetle hole. By sinking the screwdriver blade in, I can get a rough idea of the depth of rot. Probing of beams, joists, and subfloor boards can take a longer time in some older houses, particularly if rot is found.
Another thing to check for in floor structures is damage caused by wood boring insects. Some home inspectors include this as part of your home inspection. I have located wood boring insect infestations in attics, basements, crawl spaces, garages, barns, and under cottages. Carpenter ant infestations are common in this geographical area. Carpenter ants are attracted to wood that has been softened and damaged by rot. During home remodeling work, I have removed structural wood that had been completely hollowed out by carpenter ants. I have also found carpenter ant infestations in rigid foam plastic. Apparently, the foam has the same consistency as rotted wood and therefore makes a suitable alternative. Sometimes the only evidence of a carpenter ant infestation that can be found is an accumulation of wood shavings. However, the shavings are not always located near the infestation. In one particular attic, I found a very large number of carpenter ants on the side of a roof rafter that was not visible from the attic access opening. I discovered the ant infestation only after climbing several feet into the attic. It is very important for homeowners to keep an eye out for live carpenter ants during warm weather in particular. Carpenter ants can be very crafty. On one seasonal cottage, I discovered that carpenter ants were coming and going in single file over a clothesline suspended between the cottage and a nearby tree!
The other wood boring insect common in our area is the powder post beetle.
Sill rot can be hidden behind box sill insulation. If I can remove the insulation without damaging it, I like to inspect box sills under exterior doors and adjacent to exterior decks. Rot often develops in sills and joist ends next to exterior decks and under exterior door sills.
Most builders in Murfreesboro, Tennessee offer a one year warranty on the workmanship and materials of the home on builder warranty inspections. Near the end of this warranty we can assist with a final “punch-list” of items to present to the contractor.
Murfreesboro Tennessee Chinese Drywall Inspections are performed as a result of the 2009 Chinese drywall controversy involving health and safety issues from defective drywall manufactured in China and imported by the United States starting in 2001. Lab tests of samples for volatile chemicals have identified emissions of the sulfurous gases carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, and hydrogen sulfide. These emissions, which have the odor of rotten eggs, worsen as temperature and humidity increase and cause copper surfaces to turn black and powdery, a chemical process indicative of reaction with hydrogen sulfide. Copper pipes, wiring, and air conditioner coils can be affected, as well as silver jewelry. Homeowners have reported a variety of symptoms, including respiratory problems such as asthma attacks, chronic coughing and difficulty breathing, as well as chronic headaches and sinus problems.
During Murfreesboro Tennessee Commercial Inspections the building owner, property manager, leasing agent, lender or tenant can rely on Jernigan Home Inspections to provide a thorough assessment of your commercial building for optimal decision making.
What We Inspect:
A crawlspace is a shallow and uninhabitable area, usually located between the soil and the first floor of the home. Murfreesboro Tennessee Crawlspace Inspections can provide access to the electrical, plumbing and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems located below the first floor. The following general guidelines are required in new homes:
Water control and management in the crawlspace is essential for maintaining a home. The most common problem associated with wet crawlspaces is that moist conditions can lead to wood destroying fungus that can deteriorate exposed framing. In addition, excessive moisture is a conducive condition that can lead to infestation of wood destroying insects, including termites. In exceptional cases, water penetration into a crawlspace can lead to the destruction of the foundation.
Electrical items are found throughout your home. I do not recommend that you do an electrical inspection yourself. Murfreesboro Tennessee electrical inspections should be done by your home inspector or by a licensed electrician.
I use a small outlet receptacle tester on receptacles I can reach without moving heavy furniture. This device tests polarity, voltage drop at a 15 Ampere load, and GFCI functionality. The test device is very beneficial. For example, I often find grounded receptacles with polarity reversed. The tester can also check whether or not the ground pin receptacle is connected inside the receptacle box. The tester is very handy checking out non-marked receptacles that are protected by a GFCI breaker in the main panel. At times, I find a GFCI receptacle that appears to trip off correctly. However, the test unit indicates that wiring to the line and load side are reversed inside the box so the electricity is never actually removed from the receptacle!
Using the tester also helps me to find receptacles with mechanical problems such as loose or broken receptacle units, as well loose or worn out receptacle contacts.
Occasionally, I find receptacle wiring that does not pass a voltage drop test at the full 15 Ampere load. This generally indicates undersized wiring, loose connections, or longer runs with multiple junction box connections.
According to the receptacle tester I use, a receptacle is correctly installed when the smaller line side slot is on the right, the larger neutral slot on the left, and the ground is on the bottom. However, several licensed electricians have told me that a receptacle is safer with the ground pin located at the top.
GFCI stands for Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupter and is intended to prevent an electrical shock. A small sensitive device in the GFCI receptacle or breaker detects a very small imbalance in the current of the line and the neutral conductors. Above a this small threshold current, the device automatically trips the outlet or breaker off. GFCI receptacles should be installed near plumbing or damp locations such as in bathrooms, kitchens, laundries, basements, garages, and the exterior of the home. Circuits for whirlpool spa pump motors should be GFCI protected.
Are any wall switches within reach of an occupant of the bathtub or shower? If so, they should be relocated out of reach.
The main electrical panel could be located anywhere in the house. I have found main and subpanels in attics and even low clearance crawl spaces. Your home inspector should be keeping an eye out for the main panel, subpanels, and load centers during the inspection of the interior of the house. It is a good idea if your experienced home inspector removes the covers from the main panel and larger load centers in order to check wiring and conditions on the inside. Again, this should never be done by anyone other than an experienced professional because there are dangerous and lethal voltages located inside these panels! Your home inspector should know whether or not he or she is qualified to open the electrical panel.
Your home inspector should be looking for a number of items inside the electric panels including loose connections, incompatible wiring sizes, improper grounding, corrosion, water leakage, and even small animal intrusion. Labeling of circuits is also very important. If labeling is missing, unclear, or inaccurate, I recommend that my clients hire a licensed electrician to trace out the circuits and accurately label the breakers in the panel.
Sometimes older houses have so many small fused load centers connected into a small 60 Ampere main fuse panel that I recommend an upgrade to a single main breaker panel. Older wiring was installed before many of the home appliances we we use today had even been invented.
Old homes are likely to have older wiring such as knob-and-tube and armored BX. In basements, crawl spaces, and attics, your home inspector should pay particular attention to the condition of the old wiring. He should check for unsafe conditions such as bare terminals on old light fixtures and switches and taped junctions unprotected in junction boxes. It is a good idea to have a licensed electrician disconnect and replace old wiring and devices such as this.
Outside the home, check the condition of the electrical system ground earth connection. In the basement, check for proper bonding across the water meter if the home has public water. Check for bonding to other plumbing pipes as well.
It's important to look out for missing or broken faceplates on receptacles and switch boxes.
In older houses with few receptacles, I often find multiple extension cords attached to baseboards and around door and window trim. For safety's sake, temporary wiring such as this should be avoided. You should have a licensed electrician upgrade the wiring and install the necessary additional receptacles.
Computers, copiers, and fax machines should always be plugged into a grounded receptacle. Older houses often still have old ungrounded receptacles that will accept just the two-prong plug variety. I live in an old home myself. Before I had the circuit for my copier grounded, the copier would sometimes try to run off 99 copies! After the receptacle was grounded, the copier worked just fine.
Check ceiling and wall mounted light fixtures for proper mounting integrity.
Keep an eye out for unusual wiring that might have been completed by a previous homeowner. For example, I have found ordinary Romex wiring suspended between exterior buildings. Reversed polarity receptacles and incorrectly wired GFCI receptacles are often found in homeowner installed wiring.
Outside, pay particular attention to corrosion on any light fixtures and receptacle covers. Particularly near salt water, small hinged outside receptacle covers can become permanently corroded shut. Sometimes outside receptacle boxes are not firmly attached and need tightened. Of course, outside receptacles should always be GFCI protected.
It's important to check the anchorage on the electrical service wire. I occasionally find that increased tension in the wire has withdrawn the screw eye completely from the exterior trim or damaged the exterior in some way such as splitting.
The capacity of the electrical service depends upon the rating and size of the service cable, the rating of the meter box, the rating of the meter, the rating of the main panel, and the size of the main disconnect breaker. For example, if the main electrical panel has been upgraded to 200 Amperes, but the other electrical service components are still at 100 Amperes, the service capacity is still only 100 Amperes.
Today's modern smoke detectors can now be wired into the electrical system and also have batteries. The ac-wired variety can be connected with each other so that all of the detectors sound an alarm if any one of them detects smoke. Keep an eye out during the inspection for smoke detectors. Typically, several different battery-powered detectors are found in most homes. However, in some houses I have found no smoke detectors.
In houses with fuel burning appliances or central heating systems, it is a great idea to install carbon monoxide detectors.
Mortgage lenders can be more informed about property issues by utilizing Murfreesboro Tennessee foreclosure inspections. Thousands or more dollars can be lost by roof and plumbing leaks, unsecured entry points and other issues that could be avoided. It also allows for better budgeting when addressing specific repair issues.
What Causes Foundation Problems?
Murfreesboro Tennessee foundation inspections recognize the flaws of imperfect construction, the pressure of the earth, settling and uneven soils, and the house's weight bearing down on it. Let's face it, your home's foundation takes it from all sides. And when foundations fatigue and fail, the problems that appear can be anywhere from cosmetic to devastating to your home. Once a problem occurs, it will only get worse as the home ages and the problem that caused the foundation failure continues. Foundation Supportworks is dedicated to recognizing your foundation problems and addressing them with long-lasting solutions.
Foundation Damage Created in Foundation Construction
Many homeowners in the Bryan area assume that if a house is new, then the foundation must be stable. Unfortunately, this is a common misconception. No matter how old or young a home is, cracks, foundation sagging, and other foundation problems are still a possibility. Every crack and sag in a home is a separate problem that could potentially worsen or be compromising the structural integrity of your house. If the pressure that created these cracks is not properly addressed, then the strain will continue on an already weakened structure.
Finding and Monitoring Cracks
Very often, foundation wall cracks are not detected until long after they have formed. However, these cracks are often still very distressing, causing homeowners to believe that the crack appeared suddenly. While this is usually not the case, it's certainly important to treat all foundation wall cracks as a potentially serious problem that should be assessed immediately by a professional foundation engineer or specialist.
Cracks in the foundation walls will most often appear at the very weakest points, including corners, edges of basement window frames, holes for service, concrete cold joints, long spans of wall, pipe penetrations, and along the tie rods in the foundation. Any cracks detected should be checked regularly – if you suspect that the crack has moved, spread, or widened, then your basement walls may be experiencing increased fatigue which will increase the damage and deepen the problem. Keep an eye on the crack by monitoring its overall length. Mark the ends of the crack with a pencil, and draw several "alignment" marks along the crack to check that the edges of the crack are not appearing to shift unevenly. Date all marks to help record the rate of the deterioration.
Murfreesboro Tennessee four point inspections focus only on four main priority areas of a home:
The inspection and report describes the condition and age of these elements.
Insurance companies have become more reluctant to issue homeowner insurance policies on older homes (usually 25 years old or more).
Their common concern is that there may be conditions in an older home that could become a liability to their company. For instance, a home with a roof nearing the end of its reliable service life may fail while under the policy and the homeowner may seek reimbursement from the insurance company for damages to the home or its contents. Similar concerns extend to the condition of the HVAC, electrical, and plumbing systems in an older house. If these elements are in poor condition, in need of being updated or replaced, or were improperly installed, they may fail and cause fire or water damage to a home.
Newer homes are assumed by the insurance companies to not have these problems as frequently as older homes do.
Murfreesboro Tennessee HVAC inspections reviews the heating and cooling system of a home with a focus on the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Heating is provided typically by a forced air furnace distributed by duct work or a water / steam boiler using radiators or convectors. Space heaters, heat pumps and other methods could also be in use. The energy source typically is natural gas, fuel oil, or electric, but other sources include wood and geo-thermal. Cooling can be described as a split system, packaged unit, fan coil, heat pump, an evaporative cooler, or window / through-the-wall air conditioning unit. A normal inspection would analyze the distribution system, make sure the air filters are up to the HVAC standards and that the supply / return air plenum is free of damage and debris. The heating and cooling components will be reviewed for functionality and safety concerns. The home inspector will also check to make sure that the condenser / compressor components of your system are up to standards and free of clogs or damage and that the evaporator coil drain pans are working properly and are not clogged. Another key component of the HVAC system is the exhaust gas venting which is inspected to ensure they are working properly and safe. Venting issues include proper clearance to combustibles, slope, support as well as damage and restriction of the flue, vent connector, and chimney. Other visual checks that should be provided by the home inspector are the combustion air supply, the thermostat on all units located in the home, electrical connections and wiring, the condenser's working status, safety controls functioning properly, heat and cooling modes are working, and the natural gas or fuel oil piping and system. Sometimes the cooling mode is monitored to see if the temperature differential between the supply and the return is between 14 and 21 degrees. The home inspection report should include a description of the system by its key components and a statement to repair, evaluate, or monitor any other important issues.
Murfreesboro Tennessee insurance inspections are performed because insurance companies often require a Four-Point Inspection before insuring older properties. This inspection is a thorough review of the roof, plumbing, electrical and HVAC systems. This is not an in-depth complete home inspection but necessary for insurance purposes and your information only.
Murfreesboro Tennessee investor property inspections are recommended at a minimum of every two years for those who own rental properties or second homes. Costly repairs can be avoided when you are informed about maintenance and repair issues. It also aids in the effective budgeting for replacement items.
Jody Jernigan is one of many Murfreesboro Tennessee home inspectors providing unbiased, accurate and thorough home inspections in Murfreesboro and the surrounding areas. Mr. Jernigan is the owner / operator of Jernigan Home Inspections. Jody Jernigan has been inspecting homes for more than 5 years, and throughout that time he has provided informative, accurate, and reliable information to home owners and home buyers throughout the greater Murfreesboro Tennessee area.
Here we give detailed and authoritative information and procedures for finding, testing, cleaning, and preventing indoor mold, toxic black mold, and green mold, as well as testing building indoor air quality, and other sick house / sick building investigations. We also provide research articles on serious mold hazards and on the accuracy and reliability of various mold testing methods. We suggest the most effective building inspection and testing procedures for mold and similar indoor contaminants, and we provide a directory for these expert services.
We give in-depth information about mold and other indoor air quality problems including the causes of respiratory illness, asthma, or other symptoms such as neurological or psychological problems, air quality investigation methods, and remediation procedures such as mold cleanup, handling toxic mold contamination, and building or mechanical system repairs.
Murfreesboro Tennessee mold inspections will offer advice on mold prevention and mold-resistant construction that is resistant to indoor problem molds such as the Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp. and Stachybotrys chartarum groups.
Utilize our vast experience performing thorough real estate inspections on small-to-large apartment and condo buildings.
Our flexible team approach is designed to meet the unique needs of the investor and scope of the project. Professional specialists join the inspection team if needed.
Join the many investors for whom we have performed apartment building inspections for entire apartment or condo buildings.
Architectural Inspections provides real estate inspection reports on all kinds of housing, including condo, duplex, triplex, fourplex and multifamily apartment complexes.
Our professional inspections are thorough and meet the needs of investors.
Multi family inspections are performed efficiently at competitive prices while always respecting tenants. Special attention is paid to the life-cycles of major elements allowing investors to more accurately estimate operating costs and safety issues.
As your new home nears the final stages of completion, Murfreesboro Tennessee new construction inspections will bring attention to areas that should be corrected prior to you moving in. It is easier and more time efficient to address these issues while areas of the home are still un-furnished, accessible, and you have the attention of the contractor.
Murfreesboro Tennessee plumbing inspections will start with your water supply. Your source of water can be a private well, a shared well, a community well, public water, or a combination of the previously mentioned. Try to find out in advance of your home inspection what the water supply is.
Plumbing components, piping, and fixtures can be found throughout your home. Start looking for plumbing vents on the roof when you first arrive at the site. You may have to go out in the backyard to find them. Many plumbers and owners prefer to penetrate the roof in back so the vents will not be visible from the street.
As you commence your attic inspection, keep an eye out for plumbing vents. If you found them outside earlier, you should have a better idea where to look for them after you get inside. Occasionally, I find a plumbing stack vent that is terminated inside an attic. To my knowledge, plumbing vents should always terminate outside.
In the attic, take a look near and under the plumbing vent flashing. If there are any daylight openings around the flashing, there may be a leak. These openings can also provide a point of entry for small animals, birds, and insects.
Is the plumbing vent material made of cast iron, plastic, copper, or steel? What is the condition of the vent joints? Is there an elbow right under or near the roof penetration? If so, check around for signs of possible leakage and try to determine if the joints are tight. If the vent stack is cast iron and has elbows, how well is it stabilized?
Occasionally, you will run across a sink in a bedroom or a dressing room. Typically, the first plumbing fixtures you will come to after you exit the attic are in a bathroom.
On the bathroom page, we were trying to determine the condition of the plumbing fixtures. On this page, we are more interested in plumbing design and the accessibility. See if any provision was made for access to plumbing adjacent to showers and the bathtub surrounds. Lower the toilet lid and take a seat on the water closet bowl. Does the fixture rock back and forth - is there any movement? What about clearances? Do you have enough elbow room on both sides of the seat? Where is the toilet roll hung and is it within reach? How much clearance is there directly in front of the toilet bowl? Are there shut-off valves under the lavatory sink? Are they easy to reach? How about the toilet tank fill shut-off valve? Are you able to reach it?
Does the shower or bathtub have grab bars? Even if you are not elderly or disabled, grab bars can be beneficial for safety.
What is the height of the lavatory sink? Typically, it should be about 31 and 1/2 inches. While this is too low for most adults, it is about right for most youngsters. Occasionally, I come across a lavatory sink that is more than 36 inches high!
You are likely to come across at least one clothes washer hookup somewhere in the home. If there is a washer installed, would you or someone else be able to move the washer out of the space if it becomes necessary for maintenance or replacement? Does it look as if part of the wall would have to come down before you could get the appliance out?
Every once in a while I come across a clothes washer drain that has not been used for a few months to a few years. After that length of time, it is not unusual for a trap to go completely dry. Sometimes when that occurs, sewer gas is released into the home during certain weather conditions. This can be fixed by filling the trap with water or nontoxic antifreeze and covering the opening with plastic tape.
Try to get a look behind the washer at the hot and cold connections as well as the drain tube connection. If you are on the first floor, make a mental note of the location of the clothes washer drain pipe and attempt to find it later on in the basement.
By the way, your home inspector should be looking at most of these things during your home inspection. Still, it doesn't hurt if you follow along in his or her footsteps with this additional knowledge.
Kitchen Plumbing Accessibility
In the kitchen, make a note of the counter top height adjacent to the kitchen sink. Typically, this should be about 36 1/2". It may be a little too high or too low for you depending upon your height.
Check the distance of the sink rim from the outside edge of the counter top. Is it a long reach for you to reach the faucet handles?
Are there shut-off valves located under the kitchen sink? Are you able to reach them?
While you are looking under the sink, how is the dishwasher drain pipe connected? I have seen some dishwasher drains connected directly into the drain downstream of the sink trap. This is unsanitary and should be corrected immediately by a licensed plumber. Occasionally, a plumber will install a separate trap exclusively for the dishwasher.
What about the location of the traps and drains underneath the sink? Are they positioned out of the way or do they occupy a lot of the available cabinet space?
Another thing to check in a kitchen is the height of the floor directly in front of the dishwasher. I have been in one or two kitchens where new flooring material was installed over the old flooring. The edge of the new flooring was as much as 3/4 inch higher than the original floor underneath the dishwasher. The edge of the new floor did not allow the dishwasher to be slid out from under the counter top for maintenance or replacement! Watch out for this one!
Murfreesboro Tennessee pre delivery inspections, generally applies to newly-built homes, is a real estate term that means the buyer has the option (or requirement, depending upon how the real estate contract is written) to inspect the property prior to closing or settlement. These inspections generally take place up to a week before a closing, and they generally allow buyers the first opportunity to inspect their new home. Additionally, the inspection is meant to ensure that all terms of the contract have been met, that the home is substantially completed, and that major items are in working order.
Along with a representative of the builder (generally the construction supervisor or foreman), the buyers may be accompanied by a home inspector of their choosing. Any noted defects are added to a punch list for completion prior to the closing date. Often a second inspection is conducted to ensure that any defects have been corrected.
Many local governments within the United States and Canada require that new-home builders provide a home warranty for a limited period, and this usually results in home builders conducting a pre-delivery inspection with the buyer.
In a resale situation, this type of inspection is often termed the "final walk-through", and, based on the contract's provisions, it allows the buyer the opportunity to inspect the home prior to closing to ensure that agreed-upon repairs or improvements have been made.
Murfreesboro Tennessee pre list inspections are conducted prior to listing your home on the market. This provides insight into areas of repair or enhancement that potential buyers might expect or request. It is assumed that if conditions or situations are discovered by the inspector, the buyers’ inspector will also call attention to the same issues. This will give the seller time and opportunity to make the necessary corrections or find a contractor of their choice to perform the work. This inspection may save you from last minute negotiations and / or concessions to the buyer.
Murfreesboro Tennessee pre purchase inspections provides the buyer peace of mind and some insight as to the condition of the home and what, if any, corrections or repairs might be needed. We want to insure that your home is in favorable operating condition prior to you moving in, and you have some idea of what may be required in the future.
Murfreesboro Tennessee radon inspections knows a safe level of radon gas is zero radon gas. Radon gas is a carcinogen which can cause lung cancer. The US EPA has put it plainly, stating, "Any radon exposure has some risk of causing lung cancer. The lower the radon level in your home, the lower your family's risk of lung cancer." The average person receives a higher dose of radiation from the radon levels in their home than from their total exposure to all other radiation sources, natural or man-made. Radon gas is a naturally-occurring byproduct of the radioactive decay of Uranium in the soil. Depending on your geographic location, the radon levels of the air you breathe outside of your home could be as high as 0.75 pCi / L. The national average of outside radon levels is 0.4 pCi / L and it is estimated by the National Academy of Sciences that outdoor radon levels cause approximately 800 of the 21,000 radon induced lung cancer deaths in the United States each year. Your risk of lung cancer does increase substantially with exposure to higher radon levels. Lung cancer risk rises 16% per 2.7 pCi / L increase in radon gas exposure. (World Health Organization, 2009) Studies also show that radon is the primary cause of lung cancer among people who have never smoked. However, the absolute numbers of radon-induced lung cancers are much larger in people who do smoke, or who have smoked in the past, due to a strong combined effect of smoking and radon.
Murfreesboro Tennessee roof inspections starts when your home inspector first arrives at the site. Before going into the house, he is likely to make a mental note of the location of the dormer, chimney, and wall flashing, low pitch and flat roof surfaces, and general roof surface conditions.
What kind of roof surfacing materials are observed? Asphalt strip shingles, double-coverage asphalt roll roofing, single-coverage roll roofing, built-up roofing, wood shingles, metal, fiberglass, and rubber membrane are all used in this geographic area. The asphalt strip shingles and metal roofing are usually used on higher pitch roof surfaces. Roll roofing, built-up roofing, and membranes are generally found on lower pitch as well as flat roof surfaces.
Sometimes, during the inspection of the interior, your home inspector might climb out onto a low pitch roof surface from a window in order to get a better look at the condition of the roof surfacing material.
Later on, while inspecting the exterior of the home, your inspector might use a ladder to get a closer look at roof surfaces. Other times, he may use binoculars. Bear in mind that only an experienced home inspector should climb a ladder to inspect a roof surface. Climbing on ladders and walking on roof surfaces can be extremely dangerous. I use a folding articulating ladder that extends to 17 feet in height. If the roof pitch is too steep, I do not attempt to walk on it. I also do not walk on a roof with snow or ice accumulation.
The roof inspection should include an inspection of the condition of the chimneys and chimney flashing that is visible above the roof surface. Sometimes, your inspector will not be able to walk on the roof and will use binoculars as an alternative.
What is the condition of the chimney's mortar and bricks? Do the top bricks look as if they could be loose? Is the top of the flue liner visible? Are any bricks or stones missing? Is there more than one flue?
Since chimney flashing often leaks, many homeowners will try to seal it up with a coating of black roofing cement. While this might work in the short term, a heavy coating of cement will make it necessary to replace the flashing the next time the shingles are replaced. A better way to seal the overlapping flashing layers is with a thin bead of silicone sealant that will be watertight but can easily be removed later.
On the uphill side of a wider chimney, is there a cricket? A properly installed and flashed cricket can prevent water and ice from accumulating on the uphill side of the chimney and therefore prevent leakage.
Asphalt strip shingles are available in a variety of grades. Depending on the grade, asphalt shingle service life expectancy varies between twenty and forty years. A number of factors can speed up the aging process of asphalt shingles. For example, if a roof surface faces south, the shingles have a tendency to wear out more quickly. Shingles applied over well ventilated roof structures tend to last longer than shingles applied over sheathing in contact with the home's insulation.
Here are some things your inspector should look for on asphalt strip shingle roof surfaces. How many shingle layers are there? I have seen as many as three on one roof! Do the shingles overhang the roof rakes by 3/8" or more or are they cut short of the verge board trim? Is metal drip edge flashing used on the roof rakes and the eaves? Look closely at roof eaves. Do shingles extend out over the eave? Are the shingle tab edges supported by a cedar shingle starter course or metal drip edge flashing? Is the cedar shingle starter course rotten and are some of the shingle edges partly missing? Is the metal drip edge steel rather than aluminum and is it rusted? What is the condition of the shingles in the vicinity of the roof eaves? Is there any damage that could have been caused by someone breaking up an ice dam with a shovel? Are any shingle tabs missing or broken?
Check the roof valleys for debris. What is the condition of flashing in the valleys?
In 1985 and 1986, early fiberglass reinforced shingles had a tendency to crack, especially on roof surfaces facing the south. Structural shifting of the roof can also cause this type of fiberglass shingle to crack. If you find out that the roof shingles were installed new in 1985 or 1986, ask your home inspector to check for this cracking. If the shingles were installed over felt underlayment, the cracking should not cause the aforementioned leakage.
Near the seacoast, portions of asphalt strip shingles can be blown off during strong storms. On homes near the ocean, your home inspector is going to want to check for shingle blow-offs.
Asphalt roll roofing is intended to last approximately seven to ten years. It is possible to extend life expectancy by coating the roofing with roof cement or tar. This type of roofing is generally found on low pitch roof surfaces on porches and additions. Your home inspector should check for signs of aging such as blistering, cracking, delaminating seams, granule loss, and holes. The condition of wall flashing should also be checked. Porch roof surfaces are subject to above average mechanical stress because they are often used as a work surface by paint contractors and vinyl siding installers.
Wood shingles are also still used on roof surfaces. In most cases, western red cedar shingles have the best endurance. On a wood shingle roof, your home inspector should check for rot damage, heavy lichen and moss, and missing shingles. The condition of valley flashing should also be checked.
Metal roofing should be checked for rust, corrosion, and cracks.
An integral part of the roof inspection is also the complete inspection of the gutter and downspout system.
Murfreesboro Tennessee septic inspections recognize a properly operating septic system is a critical part of many homes located in rural areas. However, the septic system is often the last thing on the mind of a homeowner until there is an issue with the system. When a home is purchased, the big question is, will I have problems with the system after I move into the home?
Unfortunately, there is no perfect way to predict how long a septic system will last or if it will be able to handle an increased load. A septic inspection, however, can yield useful information on the condition of the system as it exists at the time of the inspection. While predicting the future with regard to the septic system is not part of any septic inspection, the inspection can uncover defects in the system which can save the purchaser unexpected expense. There are a variety of types of septic systems ranging from what are called conventional in-ground systems to sand mounds, and from spray irrigation systems to stream discharge systems. There are also cesspools, seepage pits, and homemade systems.
Murfreesboro Tennessee structural inspections report on the foundation and the supporting elements of a home. When performing a structure inspection, the home inspector will examine for a variety of signs that could include cracks in the concrete or brick, and bowing and warping of support beams or joists of the foundation. The cracks could indicate a foundational shift that could compromise the integrity of the structure and sagging rafters may indicate an unsafe condition, which may cause them to either detach from the whole or break and place undue stress on the rest of the structure. The structure is the foundation of the home and must be inspected to assist in the protection of your real estate investment.
Murfreesboro Tennessee termite inspections are always necessary as many termite species can do extensive damage to unprotected buildings and other wooden structures. Their habit of remaining hidden often results in their presence being undetected until the timbers are severely damaged and exhibit surface changes. Once termites have entered a building, they do not limit themselves to wood; they also will damage paper, cloth, carpets, and other cellulosic materials.
Humans have moved many wood-eating species between continents, but have also caused a drastic population decline in other types through habitat loss and pesticide application.
Termites are commonly viewed as pests in many countries, because of the destruction they can cause to structures and similar nuisances. In April 2011 wood-eating termites were blamed for reportedly devouring more than $220,000 worth of Indian rupee notes!
Jernigan Home Inspections uses state of the art testing equipment during their Murfreesboro Tennessee thermal imaging inspections. Infrared cameras are used for fast, reliable, accurate building diagnostics and a wide range of building problems, including chronic leaks and moisture problems.
Moisture in building materials can damage structural integrity and produce mold. Quickly locating and removing all sources of moisture is the first step in moisture damage remediation. By finding variations in the temperature, infrared cameras instantly show you what's wet and what's dry.
How does Thermal Imaging work?
Thermography is the use of an infrared imaging and measurement camera to "see" and "measure" thermal energy emitted from a given object. It is not a moisture meter, and cannot "see" moisture. The camera helps the inspector see temperature differences and abnormalities which could be caused by moisture. When two areas composed of the same or similar materials experience changing ambient temperatures, the area with the higher thermal mass (usually moisture) will change temperature more gradually. We will let water run through the drains of the toilets, sinks, showers, and dishwasher. Depending on the ambient conditions in the home at the time of inspection, we may run hot or cold water. If the home is cold, hot water will show up better than cold water. We may use the heating or A / C system to help change the temperatures in the house. The dryer areas with less thermal mass will change temperature quickly. Areas with a higher thermal mass, which may include damp areas, will change temperature more slowly. These differences are obvious when viewed through the infrared camera.
Understanding Thermal or Infrared Energy
Thermal, or infrared energy, is light that is invisible because its wavelength is too long to be detected by the human eye. It's the part of the electromagnetic spectrum that we know as heat. Unlike the visible light in the infrared world, everything with a temperature above absolute zero emits heat. Even very cold objects, like ice cubes, will emit infrared energy. The higher a given object's temperature, the greater the IR radiation emitted. An infrared camera gives us the ability to see what our eyes cannot.
Please note that an infrared camera is not a magical tool. It cannot determine if a leak may occur in the future if the area has had time to dry out. For example, if there has been no rain for several months, the infrared camera will not detect any moisture from a roof leak since no moisture is present. It also will not detect moisture behind cabinets, furniture, or deep within a structure.
Murfreesboro Tennessee wind mitigation inspections, also referred to as a windstorm inspections or windstorm insurance inspection, is a kind of home inspection that is common in the coastal areas of the Southeastern United States. The purpose of a windstorm inspection is to determine the appropriateness of a given structure's construction in the event of strong winds, including those present in a hurricane.
Windstorm inspections look for construction features that have been shown to reduce losses in hurricanes, including a hip roof, concrete block construction, the presence of gable end bracing, shutters and opening protections, the presence of roof to wall attachments such as toe nails, clips or hurricane straps, and the presence of a secondary water resistance barrier.
A homeowner with windstorm insurance can often submit the results of a windstorm inspection to their insurer to receive discounts on their windstorm insurance. For example, premium discounts for certain favorable wind mitigation features are mandated by state law and can total 45% of the original policy's premium. In coastal areas of Texas, the state mandates windstorm inspections prior to certifying a new building.
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